Science, History and Math, the “hard sciences”, though the nomenclature “hard sciences” is a bit of a misnomer. We call them the hard sciences, not because they are difficult, though they certainly can be, no , we call them that because they are firm and unchanging. They are not relative to the situation at hand, though in many cases it may certainly seem so. They are governed by rules which we call “LAWS”. They cannot lie, they can only be mis-applied, mis-understood, or lacking in data. People can lie about them (a frequent charge against both politicians and religions) BUT they themselves are by their very nature, incapable of lieing. The earth does not become the center of the universe simply because the catholic church says that it is (Gallileo). Evolution does not stop simply because evangelical fundalmentalist say that it doesn’t exist (Ray comfort, Ken Hamm ect), indeed we have evidence that it still occurs in both slow and fast modes, to this very day! 2+2 does not equal 5 in a base ten mathmatical system no matter what you do to a person to make them say that it does (1984). Had scientist taken that point of view we would not have been able to launch men into space or go to the moon. Indeed we would still be sitting in the the branches of trees and banging rocks together to ward off predators of the night . Mankind has evolved over 4.5 billion years to expand his knowlage of the universe around him, he is a learning animal. We as a species crave knowlage about our environment. In the past it made us better hunters allowing us inovations such as the hardened wood tipped spear, the bone tipped spear, the flint spear head, spear heads of copper, bronze, iron and finally steel. It gave us the atlatl, the bolo, the boomarang and even the yo-yo (as a weapon)(*citation needed).
An atlatl or spear-thrower is a tool that uses leverage to achieve greater velocity in dart-throwing.
It consists of a shaft with a cup or a spur at the end that supports and propels the butt of the dart. The atlatl is held in one hand, gripped near the end farthest from the cup. The dart is thrown by the action of the upper arm and wrist, using the atlatl as a low-mass, fast-moving extension of the throwing arm. The atlatl acts as a lever that trades force for speed (the inverse of “leverage” as the term is commonly used).
Common ball throwers (molded plastic shafts used for throwing tennis balls for dogs to fetch) and skeet clay pidgeon throwers use the same principle.
A traditional atlatl is a long-range weapon and can readily achieve speeds of over 150 km/h (93 mph). The Atlatl allowed men to push the boundaries of current spear technology of the time, throwing a spear farther and faster, allowing men to take down more and larger game from farther distances. Thus increasing both their protein and fat intake, but also the intake of vitamin B-12. In addition it allowed for more members of a hunting party to return home alive and reproduce.
As we learned we began to form ideas and opinions which we tested (some of the more ridiculous or incorrect ones to the tester’s ultimate demise). Just try to follow the old story about Davey Crockett’s example of “grinnin down a bear” and see what happens.
Each scientist,mathematician and even historians follow the examples of those that came before them. They build apon the knowlage of others to increase their own as well as mankind’s. In the 1950″s it was called “better living through science”.
Science, and mathmatics has effected every generation from our our tree dwelling ancestors through our modern life. It is what allows our modern life to exist. Chemistry, roads, automobiles, electrical devices, even the very clothes that you wear are developed through science, and mathmatics. Medicine, spaceflight, your cellphone (put it away Johnny) your MP3 player, computers, even a simple Bic lighter or the elastic in your underwear….none of it would exist without science or mathmatics. History is what ties it all together.
The Story Of The Sputnik Moment http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GhJnt3xW2Fc
What I find astounding is the various groups that seek to supress the sciences simply because it’s discoveries may not fit into their little world view. We as a society are willing participants in the dumbing down of our own species. All scientific discoveries anywhere are part of a much greater cumulative effect. Even the soviets durring their period of communist government knew this. Granted they limited how much of their scientist’s discoveries made it out into the rest of the world, but they certainly found ways for their scientists to get coppies of many of the most recent scientific publications.
Scientists world wide have this nasty habit of doing this weird thing called questioning. They question everything really, even themselves, and the product of their own work. How does this work?; Why does it work?; What processes are going on?; Can I prove that this is actually what is happening?; What is the proper way to test my theory?; Are there any circumstances where this does not occur?;How can I show that?;Can any of this be reproduced or shown in real time?;What are my lists of evidence “for”?; what is my list of evidences “against”?;Can this information be applied in any other areas or simular circumstances?; ARE there any other simular circumstances?; ad infinitum. They seek expanations. No type of question, no type of examination of the data is too rude or too harsh. Scientists are required to explain their theories and discoveries. Peer review is how we lead to better methods, better tests, better tools.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek did not make major improvements to the microscope just because it was “neat” or because the stuff that he was looking at was “cool” (though certainly both are true) he did it because he needed a better tool with which to investigate microbes. ~*”Using his handcrafted microscopes, he was the first to observe and describe single celled organisms, which he originally referred to as animalcules, and which we now refer to as micro-organisms. He was also the first to record microscopic observations of muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa (one does wonder how he managed this without breaking social and religious conventions against masterbation), and blood flow in capillaries (small blood vessels).”*~
Ernst Ruska built apon the discoveries of others, of differant studies,putting them all together and creating the worlds first electron microscope.Which allowed us to see even more of the world around us, living in a much smaller scale.
Science is driven by a fundamental human desire to learn more about the universe in which we live.